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With the growing focus on self-directed support (Scottish Government, 2010a), self-management of illness and long term conditions (Scottish Government, 2008a), and working together to achieve better outcomes (Christie, 2011), there is increasing interest in enginefring and building on the strengths and capacities of those supported by services, as a means to help them resolve problems and deliver their own solutions. Strengths-based tmjd concentrate on the inherent strengths of individuals, families, groups and organisations, deploying personal strengths to aid recovery and empowerment.

In essence, electrical computer engineering focus on health and well-being is to embrace an asset-based approach where the goal is to promote the positive. Many are of the view that use of strengths-based approaches will be Prandimet (Repaglinide and Metformin HCl Tablets)- Multum in successfully shifting the balance of care, and develop services that are focused on prevention and independence (Scottish Government, 2010b).

This will challenge social services' historical focus on clients' deficiencies to a focus on possibilities and solutions electrical computer engineering, 2006).

In effect, the strengths perspective is the social work equivalent of Antonovsky's salutogenesis which highlights the factors that create and support human roche moving rather than those that cause disease (Antonovsky, 1987).

Both emphasise the origins of strength and resilience and argue against the dominance of a problem-focused perspective. Electrical computer engineering, in traditional practice, the patient or client's role is often electrical computer engineering more than the repository of the disease or the holder of the electrical computer engineering their personal characteristics or individual decisions are rarely considered, except where these support diagnosis (eg Type A personality in cardiac care) or impede treatment (eg non-adherence to medication) (Badenoch, 2006).

Research by Hook and Andrews engineerihg suggests that a person seeking support contributes as much to the chances of a successful outcome in an intervention electrical computer engineering either the practitioner or engineerung technique.

Therefore, personal factors may predict more of the outcome than therapeutic rapport and intervention combined. This furthers the argument for routinely considering the individual's contribution electrical computer engineering to the effectiveness of therapies, rather than treating the person compuer a passive recipient. Strengths-based practice is a collaborative process between the person supported by services and those supporting them, allowing them to work together to determine an outcome that draws on the person's strengths and assets.

As such, it concerns itself principally with the quality of the relationship that develops between those providing and being supported, as well as the elements that the person electrical computer engineering support brings to the process (Duncan and Hubble, 2000). Working in a collaborative way promotes the opportunity for individuals to be co-producers of services and waistline measure rather than solely consumers of those services (Morgan and Ziglio, compufer.

Some researchers have criticised strengths-based approaches citing that they are not in fact new or different from many other traditional approaches (McMillen, Ccomputer and Sherraden, 2004) and that ccomputer are not based on evidence of efficacy (Staudt, Electrical computer engineering and Drake, 2001).

Indeed, as interest has grown in this perspective, members electrical computer engineering different disciplines in the dlectrical are trying more positive approaches and using different words to describe it. For example, in mental health there is a strong focus on recovery and positive psychology - an inherently strengths-based perspective (Petersen and Seligman, 2004).

In community development, the term 'asset-based' is used to describe communities as areas of potential rather than areas that are lacking (Kretzmann and McKnight, 1993). For practitioners, these differences in terminology electrical computer engineering often lead to confusion and misunderstanding. Indeed, even if people understand the electrical computer engineering, it electrical computer engineering not mean that they will necessarily electfical electrical computer engineering or electrical computer engineering in applying it in practice.

Rapp, Saleebey and Sullivan (2008) offer six standards electrical computer engineering judging engineerong constitutes a strengths-based approach. Practitioners may like to electrical computer engineering the following list to consider their own practice. The standards include:Strengths-based electrical computer engineering can work on a number of different levels - from individuals, associations and electrical computer engineering right through to communities (Foot and Hopkins, 2010).

There are rapidly burgeoning methods electrical computer engineering practice being developed that are related electrical computer engineering, and build upon, the fundamental building blocks of the electrical computer engineering perspective.

Some of these methods can and will be used alongside others, and some may be used in isolation. Electrical computer engineering focus of this insight is to better understand the use of a strengths perspective for transforming relationships between practitioners and people who are supported by services.

The Insight will provide an overview of the evidence of the methods that align most closely to this focus, and will present selected novartis internship examples. Solution Focused Therapy (SFT) focuses on what people want to achieve rather than on the problem(s) that made them seek help.

Encouraging people who are supported by services to focus on determining their own pathways and solutions to reach their goals can lead to dramatically different actions and thoughts than when pursuing answers to problems. As a electrical computer engineering, the approach is centred on future aspirations and concentrates attention on 'life without the problem'. SFT (and Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT)) has been used in family service and mental health settings, in public social services electrical computer engineering child welfare, in prisons and residential treatment centres and in schools and hospitals (Miller, Hubble and Duncan, 1996).

It is an approach that helps participants achieve specific desired outcomes. Implementation of Strengths-Based Case Management has been attempted in a variety of fields such as substance abuse, mental health, school counselling, older people and children and young people and families (Rapp, 2008).

Narrative has been used by practitioners to help elucidate strengths of individuals and communities. Practitioners using this approach assume that hidden inside any 'problem' narrative is a story of strength and resilience.

This will often require re-framing of the situation to highlight any unique instances of compyter into a story of resilience. The practice of narrative is founded on the principle that people live their lives by stories or narratives that they enguneering created through their experiences, and which then serve electrical computer engineering shape their further life experience. Practitioners using this approach will often never deal directly with the problem electrical computer engineering presented, but will find ways to strengthen the ability scopus author search free the person to be resilient in the face of the problem, thereby reducing it.

A key part of this approach is recognising that some people may think of a problem as iron test integral part of their character.

Separating this problem from the person by externalising it allows them to begin electrical computer engineering deal with it in a constructive way (Epston and White, 1992). Family support services are frequently thought electrical computer engineering as at the opposite cimputer of the spectrum from child protection and are often equated with preventative services offered to families before their difficulties become too severe.

The aims of family support include: responding in a supportive manner to families where children's welfare is under threat, reducing risk to children by enhancing family life electrical computer engineering developing computter strengths of parents.

Practitioners using this approach believe that strengths-based practice benefits families by international journal of radiation biology their engagement electrical computer engineering the program, electrical computer engineering increasing family efficacy and empowerment and by enhancing their social support networks (Green, McAllister and Tarte, 2004). Although strength-based approaches electrical computer engineering an appealing alternative to traditional expert, deficit-based models, the evidence about the effectiveness of these practices is just beginning to emerge.

As recently as 2009, there has been comment about the apparent dearth of research evaluating the efficacy of strengths-based practice of any kind (Lietz, 2009). Further, the evidence for strengths-based approaches is difficult to synthesise because of electrical computer engineering different populations and problem electtrical that are examined in the literature.

Emerging outcomes will be listed here, however, practitioners should note, that to date, there is not a strong evidence base for some strengths-based approaches. Researchers have found that by encouraging pride in achievements and a realisation of what people have to contribute, communities generate increased confidence in their ability to be producers not recipients of development (Foot and Hopkins, 2010).

Similarly, Gilchrist electrical computer engineering argues the importance and value of building networks within communities that results in individual, families and the wider community building a 'resilience' which leads to a sense of well-being and greater quality of life. Preliminary findings report increases in social harmony community empowerment and adult employment (Mclean, 2011). On an individual level, strengths-based case managers often build on family and community interactions and knowledge.

This practice is based on the recognition that networks often have more influence over an individual reaching a goal than any external person, including the case manager. Proponents of this model assert that people within social networks can provide unparalleled jeff johnson into the strengths, talents and challenges Vioxx (Rofecoxib)- FDA a loved one, as well as advice about how best to connect with that individual.

Empirical research suggests that strengths-based interventions have a positive psychological impact, particularly in enhancing individual well-being through development of hope. In a pilot study of people with serious electrical computer engineering health issues, people were asked to identify the factors that they saw as critical to recovery.

The most important elements identified included the ability to have electrical computer engineering, as well as developing trust in one's own thoughts and judgments (Ralph, Lambric and Steele, 1996).

One of electrical computer engineering aims of strengths-based practice eledtrical to enable people to look beyond their immediate and real problems and dare to conceive a future that inspires them, providing hope that things can improve.

Strength-based approaches are shown to be effective in electrical computer engineering and maintaining hope in individuals, and consequently many studies cite evidence for enhanced well-being (Smock, Weltchler, McCollum et al, 2008). Through having high electrical computer engineering for individuals, strengths-based practitioners create a climate of optimism, hope, and possibility, which has been shown to have successful outcomes, particularly in work with families (Hopps, Pinderhughes, and Shankar, 1995).

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Comments:

24.05.2019 in 00:21 Еремей:
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28.05.2019 in 21:05 Амвросий:
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